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J Neurochem. 2004 Oct;91(2):471-83.

Inhibition of glutamate-induced delayed calcium deregulation by 2-APB and La3+ in cultured cortical neurones.

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1
Semmelweis University, Department of Medical Biochemistry, Neurobiochemical Group, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary.

Abstract

Exposure of neurones in culture to excitotoxic levels of glutamate results in an initial transient spike in [Ca2+]i followed by a delayed, irreversible [Ca2+]i rise governed by rapid kinetics, with Ca2+ originating from the extracellular medium. The molecular mechanism responsible for the secondary Ca2+ rise is unknown. Here, we report that the delayed Ca2+ entry in cortical neurones is diminished by 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB: IC50 = 62 +/- 9 microm) and La3+ (IC50 = 7.2 +/- 3 microm), both known to inhibit transient receptor potential (TRP) and store-operated Ca2+ (SOC) channels. Application of thapsigargin, however, failed to exacerbate the delayed Ca2+ deregulation, arguing against a store depletion event as the stimulus for induction of the secondary [Ca2+]i rise. In addition, these neurones did not exhibit SOC entry. Unexpectedly, application of ryanodine or caffeine significantly inhibited glutamate-induced delayed Ca2+ deregulation. In basal Ca2+ entry experiments, La3+ and 2-APB modulated the rapid rise in [Ca2+]i caused by exposure of neurones to Ca2+ after pre-incubating in a calcium-free medium. This basal Ca2+ influx was mitigated by extracellular Mg2+ but not aggravated by thapsigargin, ryanodine or caffeine. These results indicate that 2-APB and La3+ influence non-store-operated Ca2+ influx in cortical neurones and that this route of Ca2+ entry is involved in glutamate-induced delayed Ca2+ deregulation.

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