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Plant J. 2004 Oct;40(2):225-37.

Overexpression of the plasma membrane-localized NDR1 protein results in enhanced bacterial disease resistance in Arabidopsis thaliana.

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1
Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, 111 Koshland Hall, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3102, USA.

Abstract

Previous studies have established that mutations in the NDR1 gene in Arabidopsis thaliana suppress the resistance response of three resistance proteins, RPS2, RPM1, and RPS5, to Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato (Pst) strain DC3000 containing the cognate effector genes, avrRpt2, avrRpm1, and avrpPhB, respectively. NDR1 is a plasma membrane (PM)-localized protein, and undergoes several post-translational modifications including carboxy-terminal processing and N-linked glycosylation. Expression of NDR1 under the NDR1 native promoter complements the ndr1-1 mutation, while overexpression of NDR1 results in enhanced resistance to virulent Pst. Sequence analysis and mass spectrometry suggest that NDR1 is localized to the PM via a C-terminal glycosylphosphatidyl-inositol (GPI) anchor. GPI modification would potentially place NDR1 on the outer surface of the PM, perhaps allowing NDR1 to act as a transducer of pathogen signals and/or interact directly with the pathogen.

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