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Phys Rev Lett. 2004 Sep 17;93(12):127204. Epub 2004 Sep 17.

Roles of nonequilibrium conduction electrons on the magnetization dynamics of ferromagnets.

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Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA.


The mutual dependence of spin-dependent conduction and magnetization dynamics of ferromagnets provides the key mechanisms in various spin-dependent phenomena. We compute the response of the conduction electron spins in a spatial and time varying magnetization M(r,t) in the time-dependent semiclassical transport theory. We show that the induced nonequilibrium conduction spin density in turn generates four spin torques acting on the magnetization-with each torque playing a different role in magnetization dynamics. By comparing with recent theoretical models, we find that one of these torques which has not been previously identified is crucial to consistently interpreting experimental data on domain wall motion.

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