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Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1992 Feb;13(2):93-7.

Nursing home outbreak of influenza A (H3N2): evaluation of vaccine efficacy and influenza case definitions.

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  • 1Division of Outbreak Investigation, Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Baltimore 21201.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Describe an outbreak of influenza A (H3N2); provide an analysis of vaccine efficacy; measure the sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value of 3 clinical case definitions of influenza.

SETTING:

A nursing home in Washington County, Maryland. The outbreak involved 52 residents (attack rate = 47.7%) and at least 10 of 140 employees (minimum attack rate = 7.1%).

RESULTS:

Twenty-five residents exhibited a 4-fold or greater increase in titer to influenza A/Sichuan/2/87. Vaccine efficacy was measured at -7.1%, suggesting that the influenza vaccine in 1988/1989 did not offer optimal protection against influenza A infection for the institutionalized elderly.

CONCLUSIONS:

The outbreak was a clear indicator of the need for rapid diagnosis. With the use of rapid diagnostic tests, influenza A could have been detected in time to use amantadine.

PMID:
1541810
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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