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Gene. 1992 Feb 15;111(2):165-73.

Structure of a gene encoding heat-shock protein HSP70 from the unicellular alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.

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1
Institut für Biologie III, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität, Freiburg, F.R.G.

Abstract

The structure of a gene encoding a 70-kDa heat-shock protein (HSP70) from the unicellular alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, is described. This gene shows a remarkable expression pattern, because it is inducible by light as well as by elevated temperature [von Gromoff et al., Mol. Cell. Biol. 9 (1989) 3911-3918]. As a first step in the investigation of trans-acting factors involved in environmentally controlled expression of this hsp70 gene, the nucleotide sequence of the entire gene, including its 5'- and 3'-flanking regions was determined. Although the deduced amino acid sequence exhibits a high degree of conservation to the HSP70 from higher plants, the C. reinhardtii gene has a unique structure among the members of the hsp70 gene family. While most hsp70 genes have only one or no intron, the coding region of the C. reinhardtii gene is interrupted by six introns. Besides putative TATA and CCAAT boxes, two heat-shock elements (HSE) were found in the promoter region, and a third HSE motif was located within the fourth intron. A computer search for regulatory cis-acting elements revealed a noted similarity of a 5'-upstream sequence motif to the G-box motif conserved in higher plants. A polyadenylation recognition sequence canonical for nuclear genes of C. reinhardtii is located downstream from the coding sequence.

PMID:
1541398
DOI:
10.1016/0378-1119(92)90684-h
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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