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Cell Calcium. 1992 Jan;13(1):19-27.

Evaluation of platelet calcium ion mobilization by the use of various divalent ions.

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  • 1Department of Clinical and Laboratory Medicine, Yamanashi Medical College, Japan.


Divalent ion mobilization in human platelets was evaluated with Fura-2 fluorescence changes induced by Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+ and Mn2+. Extracellular Ca2+, Sr2+ and Ba2+ all entered thrombin-stimulated platelets. These divalent ions were also able to refill the intracellular Ca2+ storage sites which had been depleted of Ca2+ by ionomycin treatment, and were released from the storage sites upon thrombin stimulation. However, only the refilling of the storage sites with Ca2+ and Sr2+, but not with Ba2+, were capable of suppressing the opening state of Ca2+ channels assessed with Mn2+ influx. Efflux of intracellularly accumulated divalent ions was observed with Ca2+ and Sr2+ but not with Ba2+. These findings indicate that there are subtle differences in the Ca(2+)-binding domains of the various systems involved in Ca2+ mobilization in platelets, some of which discriminate Ba2+ while accepting Sr2+.

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