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Biochemistry. 1992 Mar 3;31(8):2408-15.

Role of the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains in the assembly and surface exposure of the platelet integrin GPIIb/IIIa.

Author information

1
Laboratoire d'Hématologie (INSERM U217), Département de Biologie Moléculaire et Structurale, Grenoble, France.

Abstract

Integrins are alpha beta heterodimers that play a major role in cell-cell contacts and in interactions between cells and extracellular matrices. Identification of structural domains that are critical for the expression of such receptors at the cell surface in a functional conformation is one of the major issues that has not yet been resolved. In the present study, the role of the cytoplasmic and transmembrane domains of each of the subunits has been examined using platelet GPIIb/IIIa as a prototypic integrin. GPIIb/IIIa (alpha IIb/beta 3) is a member of the integrin family and functions as a receptor for fibrinogen, fibronectin, von Willebrand factor, and vitronectin at the surface of activated platelets. Human megakaryocyte GPIIb and GPIIIa cDNAs were used to create a GPIIb mutant coding for the extracellular GPIIb heavy chain alone (GPIIb delta 1) and a GPIIIa mutant lacking the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains (GPIIIa delta m). Full length and mutant cDNAs were subcloned into the expression vector pECE and used to transfect COS cells. The formation of heterodimers and their cellular localization was analyzed by immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence labeling using anti-platelet GPIIb/IIIa antibodies. We show here that the extracellular domains of alpha and beta subunits are able to form a heterodimer, although with a lower efficiency, in the absence of the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains. The presence of the cytoplasmic and transmembrane domains in the alpha subunit is, however, necessary for expression at the surface of the cell whereas the corresponding domains of the beta subunit are not required.

PMID:
1540596
DOI:
10.1021/bi00123a028
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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