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Arch Surg. 1992 Feb;127(2):159-62.

Candida infection with and without nystatin prophylaxis. A 11-year experience with patients with burn injury.

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  • 1Shriners Burns Institute-Galveston, TX 77550.


The incidence of opportunistic infections after thermal injury is high. Since 1985, we have been practicing Candida prophylaxis using nystatin "swish-and-swallow" and topical therapy. Patients treated between 1980 and 1984 served as controls and received no Candida prophylaxis. Although mean burn size, full-thickness injury, and age were comparable, the incidence of Candida colonization (26.7% vs 15.6%), infection (21.3% vs 10.0%), and sepsis (12.2% vs none) was significantly different between control and nystatin-treated groups, respectively. With prophylaxis, the incidence of Candida wound infection has been significantly reduced, and systemic candidiasis has been eradicated, eliminating the need for toxic systemic antifungal agents.

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