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Appl Environ Microbiol. 1992 Jan;58(1):331-4.

Unique and overlapping pollutant stress proteins of Escherichia coli.

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  • 1Department of Biology, TNO Institute of Environmental Sciences, Delft, The Netherlands.


Exposure of growing batch cultures of Escherichia coli to nine different "model micropollutants" (benzene, cadmium chloride, chlorpyrivos, 2,4-dichloroaniline, dioctylphtalate, hexachlorobenzene, pentachlorophenol, trichloroethylene, and tetrapropylbenzosulfonate) led to the induction of 13 to 39 proteins, as analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Some of these proteins overlapped with heat shock and carbon starvation proteins, but at least 50% were unique to a given chemical. The stress protein induction showed a temporal pattern, indicating sequential gene expression. Chemical stress protein synthesis occurred even at concentrations that had no effect on growth. Thus, the synthesis of these proteins can be a sensitive index of stress and the nature of environmental pollution.

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