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Am J Vet Res. 1992 Jan;53(1):157-63.

Effects of phosphorus/calcium-restricted and phosphorus/calcium-replete 32% protein diets in dogs with chronic renal failure.

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  • 1Department of Physiology and Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens 30602.


Twenty-four dogs with induced, severe chronic renal failure were allotted to 2 groups of 12 each. Group-A dogs were fed a 0.4% phosphorus (P)/0.6% calcium, 32% protein diet, and group-B dogs were fed a 1.4% P/1.9% calcium, 32% protein diet. Dogs were studied over 24 months to determine clinical status, survival, blood biochemical alterations, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), urinary excretion of P and protein, renal morphologic changes, and renal tissue concentrations of calcium, P, and magnesium. Group-A dogs developed statistically significant differences from group-B dogs in several blood biochemical values (PCV and total solids, calcium, P, potassium, sodium, chloride, total CO2 (TCO2), anion gap, and parathyroid hormone concentrations) and in urinary P excretion. Mean (+/- SEM) GFR values in group-A and group-B dogs were nearly identical when diets were initiated (group A = 0.73 +/- 0.05 ml/min/kg of body weight; group B = 0.72 +/- 0.08 ml/min/kg), but significantly (P = 0.0346) lower GFR developed in group-B than in group-A dogs over time. At 24 months, GFR in survivors was 0.83 +/- 0.08 and 0.63 +/- 0.15 ml/min/kg for dogs of groups A and B, respectively. Other measurements favored the hypothesis that P/calcium restriction was beneficial, but values failed to reach statistical significance. Survival was greater at 24 months in group-A than in group-B (7 vs 5) dogs, and renal tissue concentrations of calcium and P were higher in group-B than in group-A dogs. Differences were not detected between groups in urinary excretion of protein and in the type or severity of renal lesions.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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