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J Cell Physiol. 2005 Jan;202(1):230-9.

Polyoma virus middle-T-transformed PECAM-1 deficient mouse brain endothelial cells proliferate rapidly in culture and form hemangiomas in mice.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53792-4673, USA.

Abstract

Wild-type mouse brain endothelial (bEND) cells transformed with the polyoma virus middle-T proliferate rapidly in culture and form hemangiomas in mice. These cells express high levels of platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1), a molecule shown to be important during hemangioma formation. In this study, we have examined the ability of polyoma virus middle-T-transformed mouse bEND cells prepared from PECAM-1-/- mice to proliferate in culture and form hemangiomas in mice. We show that these cells express a number of endothelial cell markers and share a similar morphology with PECAM-1+/+ bEND cells. PECAM-1-/- bEND cells exhibit a limited ability to form tubes in Matrigel and rapidly form hemangioma when injected into nude mice, very similar to PECAM-1+/+ bEND cells. These cells, however, have increased proliferation, slower migration, altered endothelial cell adhesion molecule expression, and are less adherent when compared to PECAM-1+/+ bEND cells. Therefore, lack of PECAM-1 expression impacts polyoma middle-T-transformed endothelial cell proliferative, adhesive, and migratory properties without impacting their ability to rapidly form hemangiomas in mice or poorly organize to capillary-like structures in Matrigel.

PMID:
15389523
DOI:
10.1002/jcp.20114
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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