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Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. 2004 Jul;41(4):375-7.

[Comprehensive geriatric medicine].

[Article in Japanese]

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National Center for Gemiatrics and Gerontology, Department of Comprehensive Geriatric Medicine, Divectorf.


This paper is written to make clear the new medical system in the elderly and to standardize of Geriatrics and care. There are two major important components in geriatrics and geriatric care which are comprehensive geriatric assessment and team approach. But this is sometimes difficulut to do geriatric medicine. This goal is to make clear the usefulness of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) and team approach. And the research purpose is to make standardization of geriatric medicine and care of elderly patients and organization of professionals. I have studied QOL of elderly people in the community. The scale, SF36, was used in this study. I compared with QOL between elderly with dementia and healthy elderly. QOL was studied with statistical analysis of SPSS. Physical function and symptomatic vitality in lower items of QOL were much better in health people than demented elderly. But global subjective health was much better in demented elderly than healthy people in the community. And I made clinical path of dementia for examination in the hospital. The results were clinical path made clear the importance of team approaches and standard of medical course in the hospital. It was helpful in medicine and care and its bindings. Dr. Murashima and her group have developed a new check list of screening risk factor of long stay of elderly inpatient. And they studied about the effects of supportive group for discharge using assessment and team approaches. This unit has a good function which support home care of the elderly patients. Finally narrative based medicine is very important to take care for the elderly patients. It has been lacked to do the present medicine for the elderly patient by evidence based medicine. In conclusion, for the standardization of geriatrics, CGA is useful for support for the frail elderly and team approach is good for staff communication through team conference.

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