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Adv Exp Med Biol. 2004;554:211-6.

Mother-to-infant hepatitis C virus transmission and breastfeeding.

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Division of Viral Hepatitis, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Mailstop G37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA.


Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a blood-borne virus that is transmitted most efficiently by irect percutaneous exposures to blood. Infants are at risk of HCV infection primarily as a result of transmission from their infected mothers. However, there is no evidence of mother-to-infant transmission from breastfeeding. According to guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Academy of Pediatrics, maternal HCV infection is not a contraindication to breastfeeding. It may be prudent for mothers who are HCV-infected and who choose to breastfeed to consider abstaining from breastfeeding if their nipples are cracked and bleeding.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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