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J Immunol. 2004 Oct 1;173(7):4699-707.

Dual mode of action of a human anti-epidermal growth factor receptor monoclonal antibody for cancer therapy.

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1
Genmab BV, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) overexpression is common in a large number of solid tumors and represents a negative prognostic indicator. Overexpression of EGF-R is strongly tumor associated, and this tyrosine kinase type receptor is considered an attractive target for Ab therapy. In this study, we describe the evaluation of mAb 2F8, a high avidity human mAb (IgG1kappa) directed against EGF-R, developed using human Ig transgenic mice. mAb 2F8 effectively blocked binding of EGF and TGF-alpha to the EGF-R. At saturating concentrations, 2F8 completely blocked EGF-R signaling and inhibited the in vitro proliferation of EGF-R-overexpressing A431 cells. At much lower concentrations, associated with low receptor occupancy, 2F8 induced efficient Ab-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) in vitro. In vivo studies showed potent antitumor effects in models with A431 tumor xenografts in athymic mice. Ex vivo analysis of the EGF-R status in tumor xenografts in 2F8-treated mice revealed that there are two therapeutic mechanisms. First, blocking of EGF-R signaling, which is most effective at complete receptor saturation and therefore requires a relatively high Ab dose. Second, at very low 2F8 receptor occupancy, we observed potent antitumor effects in mice, which are likely based on the engagement of immune effector mechanisms, in particular ADCC. Taken together, our findings indicate that ADCC represents an important effector mechanism of this Ab, which is effective at relatively low dose.

PMID:
15383606
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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