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J Pers Soc Psychol. 2004 Sep;87(3):384-99.

Disruptive effects of vigilance on dominant group members' treatment of outgroup members: choking versus shining under pressure.

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Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.


Three studies examined the hypothesis that evaluative concerns exert a disruptive effect on intimacy-building behaviors exhibited by dominant group members in intergroup interaction. The authors predicted that although evaluative concerns would lead individuals with a negative baseline response to outgroup members to shine (i.e., to exhibit warmer, more friendly behavior), such concerns would have a contrary, choking, effect on individuals with a more positive baseline response. Results were generally consistent with these hypotheses across 3 different operationalizations of evaluative concerns and regardless of whether individuals' orientation toward outgroup members was assessed in terms of prejudiced racial attitudes or racial ingroup identification. Implications for lower status group members' experience of intergroup interaction and for the prejudice-reduction process are considered.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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