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Vision Res. 2004 Nov;44(25):2931-44.

Accommodation responses to stimuli in cone contrast space.

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  • 1Schnurmacher Institute for Vision Research, State University of New York, State College of Optometry, 33 West 42nd Street, NY 10036-8003, USA.


The aim was to identify the cone contributions and pathways for reflex accommodation. Twelve illumination conditions were used to test specified locations in cone-contrast space. Accommodation was monitored continuously in a Badal optometer while the grating stimulus (2.2 c/d sine-wave; 0.27 modulation) moved sinusoidally (0.195 Hz) towards and away from the eye from a mean position of 2.00 D (+/-1.00 D). Mean accommodation level and dynamic gain and phase at 0.195 Hz were calculated. Mean accommodation level varied significantly when the long- and middle-wavelength cone contrast ratio was altered in both the luminance and chromatic quadrants of cone-contrast space. This experiment indicates that L- and M-cones contribute to luminance and chromatic signals that produce the accommodation response, most likely through magno-cellular and parvo-cellular pathways, respectively. The L:M cone weighting to the luminance pathway that mediates accommodation is 1.63:1. The amplitude and direction of the response depends on changes in chromatic contrast and luminance contrast signals that result from longitudinal chromatic aberration and defocus of the image.

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