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Biol Cell. 2004 Sep;96(7):509-17.

Regulation of Chk2 phosphorylation by interaction with protein phosphatase 2A via its B' regulatory subunit.

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Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire du Contrôle de la Prolifération, UMR 5088 CNRS, Institut Fédératif de Recherche 109, Université Paul Sabatier, Bât 4R3-B1, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse, France.


Chk2 is a key player of the DNA damage signalling pathway. To identify new regulators of this kinase, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screen and found that Chk2 associated with the B' regulatory subunit of protein phosphatase PP2A. In vitro GST-Chk2 pulldowns demonstrated that B'gamma isoforms bound to Chk2 with the strongest apparent affinity. This was confirmed in cellulo by co-immunoprecipitation after overexpression of the respective partners in HEK293 cells. The A and C subunits of PP2A were present in the complexes, suggesting that Chk2 was associated with a functionnal PP2A. In vitro kinase assays showed that B'gamma3 was a potent Chk2 substrate. This phosphorylation increased the catalytic phosphatase activity of PP2A measured on MAP kinase-phosphorylated myelin basic protein as well as on autophosphorylated Chk2. Finally, we demonstrated that overexpressing B'gamma3 in HEK293 suppressed the phosphorylation of Chk2 induced by a genotoxic treatment, suggesting that PP2A may counteract the action of the checkpoint kinase in living cells.

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