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Neuropharmacology. 2004 Sep;47(4):604-11.

Reduced anxiety and depression-like behavior in synaptotagmin IV (-/-) mice.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Health Sciences Building, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, Box 357280, 98195-7280, USA.


Synaptotagmin IV (Syt IV) is a secretory vesicle protein that is broadly expressed in brain and may function as a presynaptic regulator of synaptic release. Because Syt IV and abnormalities in neurotransmission have been implicated in psychiatric disease, we examined Syt IV (-/-) mice in animal models of mood-related behavior. We report that Syt IV (-/-) mice display lower levels of anxiety-like behavior in the elevated plus maze and enhanced locomotion in the open field. Syt IV (-/-) mice also exhibit reduced depression-like behavior and are highly sensitive to the effects of the anti-depressant imipramine in a modified Porsolt forced swim test. However, the physical restraint-induced stress hormone response is normal in Syt IV (-/-) mice. As judged by immunohistochemical criteria, the synaptic structure and connectivity of the hippocampus and raphe nucleus in Syt IV (-/-) mice are indistinguishable from wild-type littermates. These results indicate that Syt IV plays a role in rodent mood-related behavior and suggests Syt IV regulates synaptic function in the neuronal networks that modulate these behaviors.

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