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Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2004 Sep;50(1):51-8.

Metallo-beta-lactamase-producing Gram-negative bacilli in Korean Nationwide Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance group hospitals in 2003: continued prevalence of VIM-producing Pseudomonas spp. and increase of IMP-producing Acinetobacter spp.

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1
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Abstract

Metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL)-producing Pseudomonas spp. and Acinetobacter spp. were prevalent in Korean hospitals. In this study, the prevalence and presence of MBL-producing isolates among imipenem-nonsusceptible and imipenem-susceptible isolates, respectively, were screened. The genetic and phenotypic characteristics of MBL-producing isolates were determined. Among imipenem-nonsusceptible isolates, 52 (11.1%) of 467 Pseudomonas spp. were blaVIM-like allele-positive, and 33 (15.1%) of 218 Acinetobacter spp. were either blaVIM- or blaIMP-like allele-positive. One blaVIM-like allele-positive isolate of Acinetobacter spp. was detected among 84 imipenem-susceptible Acinetobacter isolates. The minimum inhibitory concentration for 90% of isolates of imipenem was higher (>128 microg/mL) for Pseudomonas spp. than Acinetobacter spp. (16 microg/mL), although both had blaVIM-like allele. The source of MBL-producing isolates was mostly the sputum and urine of patients in the intensive care unit. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis analysis suggested the intra- and inter-hospital spread of MBL-producing strains at some hospitals. In conclusion, blaVIM-like allele-positive P. aeruginosa remained highly prevalent, and the proportion of blaIMP-like allele-positive Acinetobacter spp. has increased significantly in most Korean hospitals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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