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Fertil Steril. 2004 Sep;82(3):601-5.

Pregnancies and births after oocyte cryopreservation.

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1
Tecnobios Procreazione, Via Dante 15, 40125 Bologna, Italy. borini@tecnobios.it

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the potential of oocyte cryopreservation techniques.

DESIGN:

Retrospective data analysis.

SETTING:

A tertiary infertility center.

PATIENT(S):

Sixty-eight patients (29 to 37 years of age) undergoing assisted reproduction procedures for infertility problems.

INTERVENTION(S):

Oocytes from women treated for infertility were cryopreserved with a slow cooling/rapid thawing protocol in which 1,2 propanediol and sucrose were used as cryoprotectants. Eighty-six thawing cycles were performed.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Rates of survival after thawing, fertilization after intracytoplasmic sperm injection, cleavage, implantation, and pregnancy.

RESULT(S):

We treated 68 patients through 86 thawing cycles. Seven hundred thirty-seven oocytes were thawed, and 59 transfer cycles were performed. The survival rate was 37%. The fertilization and cleavage rates were 45.4% and 86.3%, respectively. A total of 15 clinical pregnancies were achieved with pregnancy rates of 25.4% per transfer and 22% per patient. There were three miscarriages, resulting in an abortion rate of 20%. Seventeen of the 104 transferred embryos implanted, corresponding to an implantation rate of 16.4%. Thirteen babies were born, 8 females and 5 males.

CONCLUSION(S):

Statistically significant results were obtained for fertilization, cleavage, and pregnancy rates. Our results show oocyte cryopreservation may represent an alternative to embryo storage in selected cases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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