Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Invest Dermatol. 2004 Oct;123(4):676-82.

Transforming growth factor-beta1 regulates the expression of the high-affinity receptor for IgE on CD34 stem cell-derived CD1a dendritic cells in vitro.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Abstract

It has been reported that monocytes, Langerhans cells (LC) and other dendritic cells (DC) express the high-affinity receptor for IgE (FcepsilonRI) in patients with atopic diseases. These cells may be instrumental in the control of the immune response and the allergic inflammation. In this context, transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta1) has been highlighted as a key cytokine involved in the mechanisms aimed to orchestrate tolerance and has been suggested as a candidate gene in atopic diseases. In this report, we investigate the putative role of TGF-beta1 in the regulation of FcepsilonRI on cord blood CD34+ stem cell-derived CD1a+ DC (CD34-derived CD1a+ DC). Kinetic experiments show that FcepsilonRI spontaneously appears on the surface of CD1a+ DC, but decreases when exogenous TGF-beta1 is added at high doses (10 ng per mL) or when endogenous TGF-beta1 is neutralized in the culture conditions. In contrast, low-dose TGF-beta1 (0.5 ng per mL) stabilizes surface FcepsilonRI expression on DC. Increasing TGF-beta1 concentrations leads to the generation of LC-like DC showing an augmentation in stimulatory capacity towards allogeneic T cells. In view of these data, a picture emerges that FcepsilonRI+ on DC is finely modified by the TGF-beta1 concentration in the microenvironment and could be of primary relevance in the context of atopic diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center