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J Neurol. 2004 Sep;251(9):1068-74.

A clinical, genetic and candidate gene study of Silver syndrome, a complicated form of hereditary spastic paraplegia.

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Dept. of Clinical Neurosciences, Royal Free and University College Medical School, London, UK.


Silver syndrome (SS) is a complicated form of hereditary spastic paraplegia associated with distal wasting of the small muscles of the hands. We have previously described a large kindred with SS and mapped a genetic locus (SPG17) to chromosome 11q12-q14. In the current study we analyse the clinical phenotype and perform linkage analysis in three new SS families. In addition we analyse candidate genes mapping to the SS locus (SPG17). Clinical assessments were performed on 25 (15 affected) individuals from each family in which SS segregates with variable clinical expression. Neurophysiological studies, performed in the index case of two families, suggested anterior horn cell or nerve root involvement. Linkage analysis using microsatellite markers mapping to the SPG17 locus was performed and only one of the three families had a microsatellite segregation pattern compatible with linkage. Candidate genes mapping to the SS critical region were analysed in this and one other SPG17-linked family. Mutation analysis of genes encoding calpain 1 ( CAPN1), copper chaperone for superoxide dismutase ( CCS), ADP ribosylation factor-like 2 ( ARL2), LOC120664, a putative homologue of atlastin ( ATLSTL-1) and sorting nexin 15 ( SNX15) failed to identify any disease-specific mutations. SS therefore exhibits both clinical and genetic heterogeneity and the SPG17 locus may account for a significant proportion of SS mutations in the UK.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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