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1.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Oct 15;323(2):668-73.

Influence of lipophilicity on the interactions of hydroxy stilbenes with cytochrome P450 3A4.

Author information

1
Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 76100, Israel.

Abstract

Resveratrol, a polyphenol found in red wine, was recently suggested to act as an irreversible, mechanism-based inactivator of cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4). We found a significant inhibition of human CYP3A4-dependent transformation of cyclosporine by resveratrol, with IC50 = 4.5 microM. We studied the kinetics parameters of CYP3A4 transformation of resveratrol and structurally related, naturally occurring stilbenes. Resveratrol, piceid, resveratroloside, 5,4'-dihydroxy-3-O-methoxystilbene, and 5,3-dihydroxy-4'-O-methoxystilbene were all shown to inhibit hydroxylation of testosterone by CYP3A4. Both methoxy-stilbenes had lower IC50 values, ranging from 0.43 to 0.47 microM, suggesting that lipophilicity rather than number or positions of free hydroxyls (3,5 or 5,4') determines the CYP3A4 inhibition capacity of polyphenols. In line with these findings, both glucosyl-stilbenes were found to be weak inhibitors of CYP3A4. The affinity of the enzyme towards methoxy-stilbenes, expressed as apparent Km, was indeed higher than those for the parent resveratrol and its glucosides, in CYP3A4 reaction mixtures. Vmax values were similar, except for piceid. These results support the role of lipophilicity in the interaction of polyphenols with CYP3A4. It is suggested that selective structural modifications of substrates add significantly to knowledge acquired through molecular modifications of the enzyme.

PMID:
15369802
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2004.08.141
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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2.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2001 Mar;79(3):220-6.

Effect of trans-resveratrol on 7-benzyloxy-4-trifluoromethylcoumarin O-dealkylation catalyzed by human recombinant CYP3A4 and CYP3A5.

Author information

1
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. tchang@unixg.ubc.ca

Abstract

Red wine concentrate has been reported to inhibit the catalytic activity of human recombinant cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4. Wine contains many polyphenolic compounds, including trans-resveratrol, which is also available commercially as a nutraceutical product. In the present study, we examined the in vitro effect of trans-resveratrol on human CYP3A catalytic activity by employing recombinant CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 as model enzymes and 7-benzyloxy-4-trifluoromethylcoumarin (BFC) as a CYP3A substrate. Trans-resveratrol inhibited BFC O-dealkylation catalyzed by CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 in a concentration-dependent manner. In each case, the inhibition was noncompetitive, as determined by Lineweaver-Burk and Dixon plots of the enzyme kinetic data. The apparent Ki values (mean +/- SEM) for the inhibition by trans-resveratrol of BFC O-dealkylation catalyzed by CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 were 10.2+/-1.1 microM and 14.7+/-0.3 microM, respectively. Preincubation of trans-resveratrol with NADPH and CYP3A4 or CYP3A5 for 10 or 15 min prior to initiation of substrate oxidation did not enhance the inhibitory effect, suggesting that this compound was not a mechanism-based inactivator of CYP3A4 or CYP3A5 when BFC was used as the substrate. Overall, our study provides the first demonstration that trans-resveratrol inhibits, in vitro, a substrate oxidation reaction catalyzed by human recombinant CYP3A4 and CYP3A5.

PMID:
11294598
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
3.
Life Sci. 2003 Jul 18;73(9):1199-213.

Differential inhibition of human cytochrome P450 enzymes by epsilon-viniferin, the dimer of resveratrol: comparison with resveratrol and polyphenols from alcoholized beverages.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Biochemistry, EA 948, Faculty of Medicine and I3S, 29285 Brest Cedex, France.

Abstract

epsilon-Viniferin, a dimer of resveratrol, was isolated in wine at concentration between 0.5 and 5 microM. As resveratrol and polyphenols from red wine were reported to inhibit cytochrome P450 (CYP) activities, this led us to investigate the inhibitory effects of epsilon-viniferin on human CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP1B1, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2E1, CYP3A4 and CYP4A activities. These effects were compared to those of resveratrol and non volatiles compounds from red wine or various Cognac(R) beverages (enriched with oak-polyphenols). Assays were carried out on human liver microsomes and heterologously expressed CYPs. Ethoxyresorufin, coumarin, benzoxyresorufin, chlorzoxazone, testosterone and lauric acid were used as selective substrates for CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP1B1, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2E1, CYP3A4 and CYP4A, respectively. epsilon-viniferin displayed a more potent inhibitory effect than resveratrol for all the CYP activities tested (Ki 0.5 to 20 microM vs. 10 to 100 microM, respectively). This effect was not due to an inhibition of the NADPH reductase. A particularly potent inhibitory effect was shown for CYP1A1, CYP1B1 and CYP2B6 which are involved in bioactivation of numerous carcinogens. epsilon-viniferin was not a mechanism-based inhibitor of human CYPs. It displayed, like resveratrol, mixed-type inhibitions for all the CYP tested, except for CYP2E1 (non-competitive). Comparison of the inhibitory effects exerted on CYP activities by epsilon-viniferin, resveratrol and non volatile components from red wine or various Cognac beverages showed that neither resveratrol, nor epsilon-viniferin is the main CYP inhibitor present in red wine solids.

PMID:
12818727
DOI:
10.1016/s0024-3205(03)00420-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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