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J Am Chem Soc. 2003 Jul 30;125(30):9116-28.

Molecular and electronic structures of bis-(o-diiminobenzosemiquinonato)metal(II) complexes (Ni, Pd, Pt), their monocations and -anions, and of dimeric dications containing weak metal-metal bonds.

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Contribution from the Max-Planck-Institut für Strahlenchemie, Stiftstrasse 34-36, D-45470 Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany.


Two series of square planar, diamagnetic, neutral complexes of nickel(II), palladium(II), and platinum(II) containing two N,N-coordinated o-diiminobenzosemiquinonate(1-) pi radical ligands have been synthesized and characterized by UV-vis and (1)H NMR spectroscopy: [M(II)((2)L(ISQ))(2)], M = Ni (1), Pd (2), Pt (3), and [M(II)((3)L(ISQ))(2)] M = Ni (4), Pd (5), Pt (6). H(2)[(2)L(PDI)] represents 3,5-di-tert-butyl-o-phenylenediamine and H(2)[(3)L(PDI)] is N-phenyl-o-phenylenediamine; (L(ISQ))(1-) is the o-diiminobenzosemiquinonate pi radical anion, and (L(IBQ))(0) is the o-diiminobenzoquinone form of these ligands. The structures of complexes 1, 4, 5, and 6 have been (re)determined by X-ray crystallography at 100 K. Cyclic voltammetry established that the complete electron-transfer series consisting of a dianion, monoanion, neutral complex, a mono- and a dication exists: [M(L)(2)](z)z = -2, -1, 0, 1+, 2+. Each species has been electrochemically generated in solution and their X-band EPR and UV-vis spectra have been recorded. The oxidations and reductions are invariably ligand centered. Two o-diiminobenzoquinones(0) and two fully reduced o-diiminocatecholate(2-) ligands are present in the dication and dianion, respectively, whereas the monocations and monoanions are delocalized mixed valent class III species [M(II)(L(ISQ))(L(IBQ))](+) and [M(II)(L(ISQ))(L(PDI))](-), respectively. One-electron oxidations of 1 and trans-6 yield the diamagnetic dications [cis-[Ni(II)((2)L(ISQ))((2)L(IBQ))](2)]Cl(2) (7) and [trans-[Pt(II)((3)L(ISQ))((3)L(IBQ))](2)](CF(3)SO(3))(2) (8), respectively, which have been characterized by X-ray crystallography; both complexes possess a weak M.M bond and the ligands adopt an eclipsed configuration due to weak bonding interactions via pi stacking.

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