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Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2005 Jan;44(1):51-4.

Poor response to desmopressin acetate (DDAVP) in children with Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome.

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1
Department of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS) is a common genetic disorder in Puerto Rico. In children with HPS, bleeding is the most disturbing and incapacitating problem. Desmopressin (1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin, (DDAVP)) has been recommended in the management of bleeding disorders characterized by platelet dysfunction, such as HPS.

METHODS:

Nineteen pediatric Puerto Rican patients with HPS and prolonged bleeding time (BT) were tested for response to administration of DDAVP.

RESULTS:

Baseline BT was abnormal in 18 (95%) of the patients. The BT following DDAVP administration improved in two cases (11%): one from 7.2 to 5.6 min and the other from 8 to 6 min (Tables II and III). BT measurements remained very prolonged (>15 min) in 17 (89%) of the patients. Patients with the HPS 1 gene mutation had a statistically significant correlation with the poor response following DDAVP (P = 0.03).

CONCLUSIONS:

DDAVP seldom improves the BT of Puerto Rican children with HPS. Response to DDAVP should be determined individually and platelet transfusion should remain the treatment of choice for a major bleeding episode or surgical procedure.

PMID:
15368543
DOI:
10.1002/pbc.20210
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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