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Am J Dermatopathol. 2004 Oct;26(5):367-71.

The value of immunohistochemistry in atypical cutaneous fibrous histiocytoma.

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  • 1Dermatohistological Private Laboratory, Postfach 4145, D-90021 N├╝rnberg, Germany.


Atypical cutaneous fibrous histiocytoma is a rare variant of dermatofibroma/fibrous histiocytoma characterized by striking atypia, thus resembling atypical fibroxanthoma. We studied 9 examples of ACFH histopathologically and immunohistochemically to investigate the nature of these atypical cells. Histology revealed ill-defined skin nodules, which were polypoid in 6 cases. A minority of mononuclear and giant cells (< 5%) revealed striking pleomorphism and showed large nuclei with prominent nucleoli. Immunohistologically, the atypical cells expressed vimentin, but were negative for S-100 protein, the keratin marker MNF116, alpha smooth muscle actin, CD34, factor XIIIa, and monocyte/macrophage markers Ki-M1p, KP1 (CD68), and MAC387. Positivity for MiB1 was very modest (< 1%) and limited to small- and medium-sized, inconspicuous cells. Multinucleate giant cells proved to be heterogenous, on one hand cells with differentiation toward macrophages with positivity for Ki-M1p and KP1, on the other toward fibroblasts positive for vimentin only. These immuno-histochemical results for differentiation markers in atypical cutaneous fibrous histiocytoma are similar to our previous findings and data in atypical fibroxanthoma; MiB1 helps to separate these entities from each other as the latter shows a very high proportion of proliferative atypical cells corresponding to the numerous mitoses seen in routine sections.

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