Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Emerg Med. 1992 Mar;21(3):260-5.

Intravenous magnesium for acute asthma: failure to decrease emergency treatment duration or need for hospitalization.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, Riverside General Hospital, California.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the efficacy of routine early administration of i.v. magnesium to patients with acute asthma.

DESIGN:

Prospective, randomized clinical trial.

SETTING:

Urban teaching hospital emergency department.

TYPE OF PARTICIPANTS:

One hundred twenty consecutive patients aged 18 to 65 years with acute asthma unresponsive to a single albuterol treatment.

INTERVENTIONS:

All patients received oxygen, 125 mg i.v. methylprednisolone, and hourly albuterol inhalation therapy. The study group also received 2 g i.v. magnesium sulfate infused over 20 minutes.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Demographic and clinical characteristics were similar in both groups. Hospitalization was necessary in 13 of 58 patients who received magnesium (22%; 95% confidence intervals [CI], 13% to 32%) and 11 of 62 control patients (17%; 95% CI 10% to 26%; P = .523). Duration of ED treatment in discharged patients was 224 +/- 75 minutes in the magnesium group (95% CI, 208 to 240 minutes) and 228 +/- 90 minutes in the control group (95% CI, 209 to 247 minutes, P = .832). In addition, changes in peak expiratory flow were not statistically different.

CONCLUSION:

Routine early administration of IV magnesium in acute asthma does not alter treatment outcome.

PMID:
1536485
DOI:
10.1016/s0196-0644(05)80885-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center