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Neurosci Lett. 2004 Sep 30;368(3):327-31.

Ketamine potentiates the effect of electroacupuncture on mechanical allodynia in a rat model of neuropathic pain.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Neuroscience, Neuroscience Research Institute, Peking University, 38 Xueyuan Road, Beijing 100083, PR China.

Abstract

Mu-opioid agonists and N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists have been shown to attenuate mechanical allodynia in neuropathic pain models. We have previously reported that 2Hz electroacupuncture (EA) produced analgesia via releasing endogenous opioid peptides (i.e. beta-endorphin and endomorphin) and the activated micro-opioid receptors. The present study aimed to examine whether ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist, can enhance the anti-allodynic effects induced by 2Hz EA in a rat model of neuropathic pain following spinal nerve ligation (SNL). The results are as follows: (1) EA itself or i.p. injection of ketamine reduced mechanical allodynia (i.e. increase in withdrawal threshold). (2) Although injection of ketamine at a low dose (1.0mg/kg) alone did not influence mechanical withdrawal threshold, combination of ketamine at this dose with EA produced more potent anti-allodynic effect than that induced by EA alone. (3) The anti-allodynic effect of EA combined with ketamine could be reversed by i.p. injection of naloxone (2.0 mg/kg). These results suggested that ketamine potentiate the anti-allodynic of EA in rats with spinal nerve ligation, and endogenous opioid system is likely to be involved in this process.

PMID:
15364421
DOI:
10.1016/j.neulet.2004.07.073
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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