Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Auris Nasus Larynx. 2004 Sep;31(3):226-32.

Efficacy of misoprostol in the treatment of tinnitus in patients with diabetes and/or hypertension.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Baş kent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the efficacy of the prostaglandin E1 analogue misoprostol in the treatment of tinnitus in diabetic and/or hypertensive patients.

DESIGN:

Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

SETTINGS:

Tertiary care referral center.

METHODS:

The subjects were 42 patients with hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus who had chronic tinnitus and had experienced tinnitus symptoms for a minimum of 6 months. Twenty-eight patients were randomly assigned to Group I (misoprostol treatment), and 14 patients to the Group II (placebo treatment). Misoprostol therapy was started at 200 microg per day, and was increased 200 microg every 7 days until a dose of 800 microg per day was reached. The same numbers of placebo tablets were given to the control group using the same schedule. Both groups were treated for 1 month. The changes in objective and subjective tinnitus findings from baseline to 1 month were assessed, and the group results were compared. The chi(2)-test, student's t-test and paired-samples t-test were used to analyze the study.

RESULTS:

At the completion of treatment, objective assessment showed that tinnitus loudness decreased in 13 (46%) of the 28 patients in the experimental group, whereas this was observed in only two (14%) of the 14 subjects in the placebo group. Subjective tinnitus scoring revealed improvement rates of 29 and 14% for the misoprostol and placebo groups, respectively. When t-test relating to difference between rates were performed, the difference between improvement rate for tinnitus loudness of the experimental group and control group was found to be statistically significant (P = 0.05), but difference between improvement rate based on subjective tinnitus scoring was insignificant (P = 0.22).

CONCLUSION:

Misoprostol is an effective and safe treatment for chronic tinnitus in hypertensive and/or diabetic patients. Our results are encouraging, but further studies of larger series are needed.

PMID:
15364356
DOI:
10.1016/j.anl.2004.03.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center