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Gastroenterology. 2004 Sep;127(3):870-82.

Immune stimulation of hepatic fibrogenesis by CD8 cells and attenuation by transgenic interleukin-10 from hepatocytes.

Author information

1
Division of Liver Diseases, The Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUNDS & AIMS:

Immunomodulatory cytokines, including interleukin-10 (IL-10), may mediate hepatic fibrosis.

METHODS:

We generated transgenic (TG) mice with hepatocyte expression of rat IL-10 (rIL-10) to assess its impact on lymphocyte subsets and activation of hepatic stellate cells following liver injury from carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4 ) or thioacetamide (TAA).

RESULTS:

Fibrosis was reduced in the TG animals in both models, which was not explained solely by differences in liver injury. By fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS), there were less CD4+ T cells in naive TG mice, and, following fibrosis induction, CD4+ T cells decreased only in wild-type (WT) mice, whereas increases in CD8+ T cells seen in WT animals were significantly attenuated in TG mice. Subtotal irradiation diminished fibrosis equally in both WT and TG groups, suggesting that rIL-10's antifibrotic effect was lymphocyte mediated. To assess the role of lymphocytes on stellate cell activation, either whole splenic lymphocytes, CD4+, or CD8+ T-cell subsets from WT animals with CCl 4 fibrosis were adoptively transferred to severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) recipients, which led to stellate cell activation and fibrogenic stimulation as assessed by expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 and collagen I messenger RNA (mRNA) and by immunoblot of alpha-smooth muscle actin. Moreover, serum aminotransferase levels and stellate cell activation mRNA were significantly higher among the CD8+ T-cell recipients.

CONCLUSIONS:

Transgenic expression of rIL-10 in liver leads to reduced fibrosis and alterations in liver lymphocyte subsets both in untreated liver and following fibrosis induction. In this model, fibrosis may be a CD8+ T-cell-mediated disease that is attenuated by rIL-10.

PMID:
15362042
DOI:
10.1053/j.gastro.2004.04.062
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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