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Am J Cardiol. 1992 Mar 1;69(6):628-33.

Bradycardia-induced abnormal QT prolongation in patients with complete atrioventricular block with torsades de pointes.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiology, National Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

Fourteen patients with complete atrioventricular block with or without torsades de pointes (TdP) were included in this study. They were divided into 2 groups, 6 patients with TdP (TdP[+] group) and 8 patients without TdP (TdP[-] group). The patients were evaluated at 2 different periods, before (acute period) and after (chronic period) pacemaker implantation. In the acute period, the QRS and heart rate during the escape rhythm were not significantly different between the 2 groups; however, the QT and QTc intervals were significantly longer in the TdP(+) group than in the TdP(-) group: 753 +/- 57.5 vs 635 +/- 78.4 ms (p less than 0.01) and 585 +/- 44.8 vs 476 +/- 58.3 ms (p less than 0.01). In the chronic period (greater than 2 months after pacemaker implantation), we changed the pacemaker rate from 90 or 100 beats/min to 50 beats/min and examined the QT interval changes in relation to the heart rate. The QT interval in the TdP(+) group was significantly prolonged compared with the TdP(-) group when the pacing rate was decreased less than or equal to 60 beats/min: 551 +/- 40 vs 503 +/- 36 ms at 60 beats/min (p less than 0.05), and 700 +/- 46 vs 529 +/- 43 ms at 50 beats/min (p less than 0.001). Patients with complete atrioventricular block with TdP had a bradycardia-sensitive repolarization abnormality and this characteristic remained after pacemaker implantation. The critical heart rate that induced abnormal QT prolongation in the TdP(+) group was less than or equal to 60 beats/min.

PMID:
1536113
DOI:
10.1016/0002-9149(92)90154-q
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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