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Leuk Lymphoma. 2004 Jul;45(7):1445-51.

In the erythroleukemic cell line HEL Prostate-apoptosis-response-gene-4 (par-4) fails to down-regulate Bcl-2 and to promote apoptosis.

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Department of Internal Medicine III, Hematology and Oncology, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University Hospital, 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.


In a variety of malignant cells Prostate-apoptosis-response-gene-4 (Par-4) exhibits a pro-apoptotic influence sensitizing these cells to apoptosis-inducing agents by downregulating expression of Bcl-2. Considering the crucial role of Bcl-2 in the development of chemoresistance of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells, we here assessed the potential of Par-4 to down-regulate Bcl-2 and to induce apoptosis in the erythroleukemic cell line HEL. Testing a potential pro-apoptotic role of Par-4 upon incubation with various conventional chemotherapeutic drugs, novel agents such as the signal transduction inhibitor STI 571 and the histone deacetylase (HDAC)- inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA), as well as with the experimental substances Fas and TRAIL, we provide evidence that in the erythroleukemic cell line HEL expression of Par-4 is not sufficient to sensitize to any of these pro-apoptotic stimuli. We further demonstrate that--in contrast to previous reports in non-AML cells--Par-4 expression in HEL cells leads to an upregulation of Bcl-2. Moreover, Par-4-positive HEL cells exhibit a decreased level of the proapoptotic protein Bax as compared to Par-4- negative cells. In addition, Par-4 increases the expression of Daxx--whose downregulation is associated with augmented chemosensitivity--as well as expression of the procaspases-8, -9 and -10, whereas the levels of the procaspases-3 and -7 remain unaltered. In conclusion we here demonstrate that in the erythroleukemic cell line HEL--in contrast to other cell types Par-4 fails to promote apoptosis and outline the underlying molecular mechanisms.

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