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Radiology. 1992 Mar;182(3):753-9.

Central nodal necrosis and extracapsular neoplastic spread in cervical lymph nodes: MR imaging versus CT.

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1
Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104.

Abstract

Computed tomographic (CT) scans and magnetic resonance (MR) images obtained in 24 patients with cervical lymphadenopathy were retrospectively and blindly evaluated by two readers for the presence of central nodal necrosis (CNN) and extracapsular nodal spread (ENS). The CT studies were all enhanced, and the MR images were obtained with short repetition time (TR)/echo time (TE), long TR/double echo, and enhanced short TR/TE fat-suppressed sequences. Each MR imaging sequence was interpreted separately and then collectively. Sixty lymph nodes were identified with CT. Sensitivity for CNN was 16%-67% with the unenhanced MR pulse sequences, 50% with enhanced sequences, and 83%-100% with CT. The most accurate reading of MR images for CNN was with the unenhanced T1-weighted and T2-weighted images (86%-87%); the accuracy of CT was 91%-96%. The accuracy of MR imaging for detecting ENS was maximal with T1-weighted images (78%-90%). Gadolinium-enhanced, fat-suppressed images did not improve accuracy in evaluating CNN or ENS. CT is currently more accurate than unenhanced or enhanced MR imaging in detecting CNN or ENS.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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