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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Aug 13;321(1):179-82.

Exercise normalises overexpression of TNF-alpha in knockout mice.

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Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, Rigshospitalet, Denmark.


TNF-alpha is linked with insulin resistance, as greater amounts of TNF are detected in muscle and adipose tissue in glycemically challenged people and TNF-alpha inhibits insulin receptor signalling. However, what modulates this overexpression of TNF-alpha is currently unknown. We examined the effect of 1 h exercise on overexpression of the TNF-alpha gene in TNF receptor 1 and 2 knockout mice. IL-6 knockout mice were included to elucidate the importance of IL-6 in regulating TNF-alpha in response to exercise. TNF-alpha gene expression was over-expressed in muscle in both TNFR knockout models. TNF-alpha overexpression returned to normal levels after exercise in the TNF-alpha receptor knockout models. In IL-6 knockout mice, a modest decrease in TNF-alpha was also observed. These data suggest that TNF-alpha-induced insulin resistance can be regulated by a single exercise bout by normalising TNF-alpha expression. This exercise effect can be mediated via IL-6, but also an IL-6 independent mechanism seems to exist.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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