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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Aug 13;321(1):65-71.

C-reactive protein impairs angiogenic functions and decreases the secretion of arteriogenic chemo-cytokines in human endothelial progenitor cells.

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Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 50 Ilwon-dong, Kangnam-ku, Seoul 135-710, Republic of Korea.


C-reactive protein (CRP), a predictor of future cardiovascular diseases, has been reported to damage the vascular wall by inducing endothelial dysfunction and inflammation. This proatherogenic CRP was speculated to have a role in attenuating angiogenic functions of human endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), possibly impairing vascular regeneration and increasing cardiovascular vulnerability to ischemic injury. Herein, we investigated the direct effect of CRP on angiogenic activity and gene expression in human EPCs. Incubation of EPCs with human recombinant CRP significantly inhibited EPC migration in response to vascular endothelial growth factor, possibly by decreasing the expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and subsequent nitric oxide production. In addition, CRP-treated EPCs showed the reduced adhesiveness onto an endothelial cell monolayer. When assayed for the gene expression of arteriogenic chemo-cytokines, CRP substantially decreased their expression levels in EPC, in part due to the upregulation of suppressors of cytokine signaling proteins. These results suggest that CRP directly attenuates the angiogenic and possibly arteriogenic functions of EPCs. This CRP-induced EPC dysfunction may impair the vascular regenerative capacity of EPCs, thereby leading to increased risk of cardiovascular diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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