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Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2004 Sep 6;14(17):4471-7.

Synthesis of chiral phosphoantigens and their activity in gamma delta T cell stimulation.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 600 South Mathews Avenue, 61801, USA.


Gammadelta T cells expressing Vgamma2Vdelta2 T cell receptors are activated by a broad range of phosphorus-containing small molecules, termed phosphoantigens, and are of interest in the context of the chemotherapy of B cell malignancies. Here, we report the synthesis of four pairs of chiral phosphoantigens: the bromohydrins of isopentenyl diphosphate (Phosphostim), the epoxides of isopentenyl diphosphate (EIPP); and the corresponding bromohydrin and epoxide analogs of but-3-enyl diphosphate. The ability of each compound to stimulate human Vgamma2Vdelta2 T cells was determined by TNF-alpha release and cell proliferation. In these assays, the (R)-bromohydrin diphosphates were, on average, about twice as active as the (S)-bromohydrin diphosphates. In contrast, the (S)-form of EIPP was about twice as active as (R)-EIPP. The activities of the epoxy but-3-enyl diphosphates were both very low. These results suggest that chiral phosphoantigens, as opposed to racemic mixtures, may have utility in immunotherapy.

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