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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Sep;114(3):671-6.

Association study suggests opposite effects of polymorphisms within IL8 on bronchial asthma and respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis.

Author information

1
University Children's Hospital, University of Freiburg, 79106 Freiburg, Germany. heinzmann@kikli.ukl.uni-freiburg.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

IL-8 is a strong inductor of inflammation. Accordingly, it plays a pivotal role in acute inflammatory responses during respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infections and in chronic inflammatory diseases such as bronchial asthma and juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Recently, 2 studies have found association of the polymorphism -251A of IL8 with RSV bronchiolitis. Furthermore, epidemiologic studies have demonstrated an increased risk for the development of asthma after RSV bronchiolitis, and a common genetic background for the 2 diseases is currently being discussed.

OBJECTIVE:

This study investigated whether IL-8 is in association with asthma and/or arthritis and whether the results can confirm a common genetic background of RSV bronchiolitis and asthma.

METHODS:

The polymorphisms -A251T, C781T, C1633T, and A2767T within IL8 were genotyped in the following 4 populations: children with asthma, atopic children, children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and control subjects. Statistical analysis made use of the Armitage trend test and the software program Arlequine.

RESULTS:

Association of all polymorphisms was found with asthma ( P =.008 to P =.03). Surprisingly -251T was associated with asthma, which is the opposite allele as described in association with RSV bronchiolitis. Furthermore, all polymorphisms were significantly more common in children with arthritis than in asthmatic children ( P =.006 to P =.02). No association was seen with the diagnosis of arthritis per se or with atopy.

CONCLUSION:

This is the first study to describe association of IL-8 with asthma and a significant inverse distribution of the polymorphisms in juvenile idiopathic arthritis. In addition, the results of this study might suggest that RSV bronchiolitis and bronchial asthma have at least some different genetic factors.

PMID:
15356575
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaci.2004.06.038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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