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Plant Mol Biol. 2004 Mar;54(5):671-82.

Characterization of the Arabidopsis TU8 glucosinolate mutation, an allele of TERMINAL FLOWER2.

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Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, Tower Road, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.


Glucosinolates are a group of defense-related secondary metabolites found in Arabidopsis and other cruciferous plants. Levels of leaf glucosinolates are regulated during plant development and increase in response to mechanical damage or insect feeding. The Arabidopsis TU8 mutant has a developmentally altered leaf glucosinolate profile: aliphatic glucosinolate levels drop off more rapidly, consistent with the early senescence of the mutant, and the levels of two indole glucosinolates are uniformly low. In TU8 seeds, four long-chain aliphatic glucosinolates have significantly increased levels, whereas the indolyl-3-methyl glucosinolate level is significantly reduced relative to wild type. Genetic mapping and DNA sequencing identified the TU8 mutation as tfl2-6, a new allele of TERMINAL FLOWER2 (TFL2), the only Arabidopsis homolog of animal HETEROCHROMATIN PROTEIN1 (HP1). TU8 (tfl2-6) has other previously identified tfl2 phenotypes, including an early transition to flowering, altered meristem structure, and stunted leaves. Analysis of two additional alleles, tfl2-1 and tfl2-2, showed glucosinolate profiles similar to those of line TU8 (tfl2-6).

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