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Autoimmunity. 1992;12(2):127-33.

Role of receptor binding and gene transcription for both the stimulatory and inhibitory effects of interleukin-1 in pancreatic beta-cells.

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Department of Medical Cell Biology, Uppsala University, Sweden.


A brief exposure of pancreatic islets to the cytokine interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) induces an initial stimulatory phase, which is followed by inhibition of islet function and eventually beta-cell damage. In the present study we have investigated the effects of IRAP, a blocker of type I IL-1 receptor and actinomycin D, an inhibitor of DNA transcription, on both the stimulatory and inhibitory effects of IL-1 beta on rat pancreatic islets in vitro. The two test agents counteracted the initial stimulatory actions of IL-1 beta on both islet glucose-induced insulin release and glucose oxidation rates. Furthermore, cycloheximide, an inhibitor of protein synthesis, could also prevent the early IL-1 beta-induced stimulation of insulin release. When islets were exposed for 1 hr to IL-1 beta and studied after 12 hr, there was a 75% inhibition of glucose induced insulin release, a 50% decrease in glucose oxidation rates and a 30% decrease in (pro)insulin biosynthesis. These effects were completely counteracted by coincubation with IRAP or actinomycin D, but were not affected by coincubation with pertussis toxin. Islet exposure to IL-1 alpha also induced a 60-80% inhibition of glucose-induced insulin release after 12 hr. As observed with rIL-1 beta, IRAP was also able to block the suppressive effects of IL-1 alpha on islet function. Mouse islets exposed for 2 hr to IL-1 beta and studied after 12 hr presented a 50% decrease in the glucose-induced insulin release. This effect was completely blocked by coincubation with a rat monoclonal antibody generated against the type I mouse IL-1 receptor.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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