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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Oct 8;323(1):118-24.

Involvement of syntaxin 4 in the transport of membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase to the plasma membrane in human gastric epithelial cells.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Jichi Medical School, Tochigi 329-0498, Japan.

Abstract

Membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) localized on the plasma membrane plays a central role in various normal biological responses including tissue remodeling, wound heeling, and angiogenesis and in cancer cell invasion and metastasis, by functioning as a collagenase and activating other matrix metalloproteinases. In order to elucidate the molecular mechanism of the MT1-MMP targeted localization on the plasma membrane, we examined the participation of syntaxin proteins in MT1-MMP intracellular transport to the plasma membrane in human gastric epithelial AGS cells. Western blotting showed that syntaxin 3 and 4 proteins, which are known to function in intracellular transport towards the plasma membrane, were expressed in AGS cells. Immunocytochemistry revealed that transient transfection of AGS cells with dominant-negative mutant syntaxin 4 decreased plasma membrane MT1-MMP expression. In contrast, transient transfection with either dominant-negative mutant syntaxin 3 or 7 did not affect MT1-MMP localization on the plasma membrane. Cell surface biotinylation assay and Matrigel chamber assay demonstrated that stable transfection with dominant-negative mutant syntaxin 4 decreased the amount of MT1-MMP on the plasma membranes and inhibited the cell invasiveness. We suggest that syntaxin 4 is involved in the intracellular transport of MT1-MMP toward the plasma membrane.

PMID:
15351710
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2004.08.064
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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