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Exp Mol Pathol. 2004 Oct;77(2):89-97.

Enhancing sensitivity of human herpes virus diagnosis with DNA microarrays using dendrimers.

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Institute for Molecular Biotechnology, Jena D-07745, Germany.


DNA microarray technology has become a promising new tool for the detection and identification of viral pathogens in human plasma and cell cultures. For exploration of this technology, we have developed DNA microarrays that encode capture oligonucleotide probes for different human herpes viruses: herpes simplex virus (HSV) HSV-1, HSV-2, varicella zoster virus (VZV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and HHV-6. The on-chip hybridization is accomplished with the PCR amplicons of the respective human herpes virus types. In this original article, we attached multiple Cy3-fluorophores to the branched 5' ends of the labeling oligonucleotide primers. For the first time, we experimentally demonstrated that the self-designed, knowledge-based, and focused microarrays specifically hybridized to fluorophore-labeled pathogenic DNAs using dendrimer technology. The fluorescence signal enhancement via the dendrimers was up to 30 times compared with the quenched single Cy3-fluorophore-labeled HSV-1 DNA. The on-chip signal-amplifying effect depended upon the number of branches and the concentration of fluorophore-labeled pathogenic DNAs. Treblers were superior to doublers, as trebler-labeled nucleic acids had fluorescence-signal-enhancing effects over a broad range of labeled DNA concentrations exemplified for the quenched single Cy3-fluorophore-labeled HSV-1 and non-quenched single Cy3-fluorophore-labeled CMV DNAs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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