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Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2004 Sep;34(9):927-35.

Identification of a new member of PBAN family and immunoreactivity in the central nervous system from Adoxophyes sp. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).

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Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, 428 Science II, Ames, IA 50011-3222, USA.


Production of sex pheromones, Z9-14:OAc and Z11-14:OAc, of the smaller tea tortrix, Adoxophyes sp. was stimulated by injection of the female or male head extracts as well as synthetic pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptide (PBAN) into decapitated females. The amount of pheromone produced reached a maximum level 3 h after injection of synthetic PBAN into females. A cDNA isolated from brain-suboesophageal ganglion complex (Br-SEG) of A. sp. females contained an ORF of 576 nucleotides encoding 192 amino acids. Based on endoproteolytic sites, it can be predicted to be cleaved into five putative peptide domains including PBAN and four other neuropeptides. Ado-PBAN consisting of 31-amino acids is the shortest PBAN so far reported. Four other putative PBAN-encoding gene neuropeptides (PGN) are predicted with PGN-24, PGN-7, PGN-20, and PGN-8 amino acids. All of the peptides are amidated in their C-termini with a FXPR(or I, K)L structure, except for PGN-8 (TVKLTPRLamide). PBAN-like immunoreactive material was observed in Br, SEG and ventral nerve cord (VNC) of the female adult. In the brain, 5-7 pairs of neurons containing PBAN-like immunoreactivity were found in each protocerebral hemisphere. Three groups of cell clusters found in the SEG corresponded to the mandibular, maxillary and labial neurons as in other moths. PBAN-like immunoreactive neurons in the VNC were found in thoracic (three pairs) and abdominal ganglia (two pairs). As compared to other moths, a relatively low similarity of peptide sequences deduced from Ado-PBAN gene and a different expression pattern of PBAN-like immunoreactivity could indicate phylogenetical distance from the other species.

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