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Gynecol Oncol. 2004 Sep;94(3):624-9.

Laparoscopic restaging of early stage invasive adnexal tumors: a 10-year experience.

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Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Oscar Lambret Cancer Center, Lille, France.


Surgical staging of apparent early stage adnexal carcinoma provides indispensable information. A significant number of patients are referred to tertiary centers with inadequate staging information. We report on our experience with late results of laparoscopic restaging procedure in uncompletely managed early adnexal carcinomas.


From 1991 to 2001, 53 laparoscopic restaging operations were performed: 42 patients were restaged early after initial surgery for an ovarian carcinoma (OC) in 35 of them, and for fallopian tube carcinomas (FTCs) in 7 others. Eleven patients were assessed as a second-look procedure, after six courses of platinum-based chemotherapy indicated for a high-risk tumor. The procedure systematically followed the guidelines of laparotomy.


All except one (adhesions) procedures were successfully completed. Operative room time averaged 238 min and hospital stay 3.1 days. Only one major complication required laparotomy (1.8%). In the primary restaging group, eight patients were upstaged (19%) and were given chemotherapy. After a 54-month median follow-up, 3 out of the 34 remaining patients diagnosed as stage IA grades 1-2 (6.4%) recurred and died. In the group of 11 second-look operations, 4 were found positive after chemotherapy. One of the positive patient recurred and died.


Laparoscopy seems to be an acceptable technical option to perform restaging of apparently early adnexal carcinomas. It spares the patients the discomfort of repeat laparotomy. Long-term outcome results suggest that laparoscopic staging, provided it meets the standards, accurately detects the patients who need chemotherapy and safely select the patients who can be proposed surgery only.

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