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Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2004 Oct;60(8):553-7. Epub 2004 Sep 3.

Effects of dosage and CYP2D6-mutated allele on plasma concentration of paroxetine.

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Department of Psychiatry, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, 757 Asahimachidori-ichibancho, 951-8510 Niigata, Japan.



We investigated the effect of dosages of paroxetine and cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 genotypes on the plasma concentration of paroxetine in Japanese patients being treated with paroxetine.


Blood samples were collected from 73 individuals after at least 2 weeks of the same daily dose of paroxetine. The plasma paroxetine concentration was measured using HPLC, and the CYP2D6 genotypes were identified by PCR. Genotype groups were compared by one-way analysis of variance at different paroxetine doses.


The mean plasma paroxetine concentrations at daily doses of 10, 20, 30, and 40 ng/ml were 6.6+/-7.4, 34.9+/-26.8, 74.8+/-37.2, and 130.5+/-96.8 ng/ml, respectively, showing a disproportionate and nonlinear increase in plasma drug levels of paroxetine upon increasing doses. Plasma paroxetine concentrations in patients with CYP2D6*10 alleles were significantly higher than those without *10 allele at 10 mg/day (7.3+/-6.11 vs. 2.99+/-3.52 ng/ml), but there was no significant difference between *1/ *1, *1/ *10 and *10/ *10 genotypes at the higher doses. Similarly, patients with CYP2D6*5 alleles showed higher plasma paroxetine concentrations than those without *5 allele, although differences in the plasma paroxetine concentration did not reach statistical significance level because of the small number of subjects with *5 alleles.


Our results indicate the possibility of saturation in paroxetine metabolism with an increase in paroxetine dose, and that CYP2D6*10 allele(s) have significant impact on plasma paroxetine concentration at low doses in Japanese population.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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