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Recombinant bivalent vaccine against foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype O/A infection in guinea pig.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Genetics Engineering, Life Science School, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

In this study, two DNA fragments encoding amino acid (141-160)-(21-140)-(141-160) of the VP1 of FMDV (foot-and-mouth disease virus) serotype O and (138-160)-(21-40)-(138-160) of the serotype A FMDV were chemically synthesized. These two tandem-repeat fragments were ligated and transfected into prokaryotic expression vector pTrcHis A to construct pTH-O-A. The other vector called pTH-O-scIgG-A was constructed similarly only that the two tandem-repeat DNA fragments were linked by the bovine-IgG heavy chain coding sequence. Guinea pigs immunized with the two bivalent vaccines pTH-O-A and pTH-O-scIgG-A showed both specific antibody activity and T cell proliferation responses. FMDV challenge tests showed that 85% and 70% of guinea pigs vaccinated twice with 200 mg of the fusion protein of pTH-O-A were protected from FMDV serotype O and serotype A infection respectively. 70% and 57% of the guinea pigs immunized with the fusion protein of pTH-O-scIgG-A were protected from FMDV serotype O and serotype A infection respectively.

PMID:
15346195
DOI:
10.1093/abbs/36.9.589
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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