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Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004 Sep;70(9):5081-8.

Influence of complex nutrient source on growth of and curvacin a production by sausage isolate Lactobacillus curvatus LTH 1174.

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Research Group of Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation Technology and Downstream Processing, Department of Applied Biological Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.


Lactobacillus curvatus LTH 1174, a fermented sausage isolate, produces the antilisterial bacteriocin curvacin A. Its biokinetics of cell growth and bacteriocin production as a function of various concentrations of a complex nutrient source were investigated in vitro during laboratory fermentations with modified MRS medium. A modification of the nutrient depletion model was used to fit the data describing growth and bacteriocin production. Both cell growth and bacteriocin activity were influenced by changes in the complex nutrient source concentration. Standard MRS medium clearly limited the growth of L. curvatus LTH 1174. Higher nutrient concentrations, up to a certain degree, led to improved growth, a higher attainable biomass concentration, and a higher bacteriocin activity in the supernatant. A lower concentration of complex nutrient source caused severe growth inhibition, leading to a lower biomass concentration but a much higher specific bacteriocin production. When examining the separate components of the complex nutrient source, a stimulating effect of bacteriological peptone on growth was found without an adverse effect on bacteriocin production, resulting in increased curvacin A activity. Furthermore, specific depletion of the amino acids tyrosine, serine, and asparagine/aspartic acid was observed for this strain.

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