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Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2004 Jan-Feb;22(3 Suppl 33):S81-5.

The tight skin mouse: an animal model of systemic sclerosis.

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1
Servicio de Reumatología and Unidad de Investigación, Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain. jlpablos@h12o.es

Abstract

The search for an animal model of systemic sclerosis (SSc) was tenaciously pursued by E.C. LeRoy. We studied several aspects of the tight skin mouse (Tsk) genetics and pathogenesis under his stimulating influence that contributed to a better understanding of the fibrotic scleroderma-like phenotype of this mouse. The identification of the fibrillin-1 mutation in the Tsk mouse and the characterization of the cellular and molecular pathways leading to Tsk fibrosis by numerous research groups has opened new avenues in the investigation of human SSc. The enigmatic connections between autoimmunity and ECM homeostasis in fibrotic diseases have received extensive attention in this mouse in which a prirmary alteration of a connective tissue microfibrilar protein leads to the reproduction of cellular and autoimmune abnormalities strikingly similar to human SSc. The use of this mouse as a tool to explore anti-fibrotic therapeutic interventions has demonstrated its value in providing useful information on the search for a therapy for this untreatable facet of human disease.

PMID:
15344604
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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