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Curr Biol. 2004 Sep 7;14(17):1581-6.

Mos mediates the mitotic activation of p42 MAPK in Xenopus egg extracts.

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Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5174, USA.


The ERK1/ERK2 MAP kinases (MAPKs) are transiently activated during mitosis, and MAPK activation has been implicated in the spindle assembly checkpoint and in establishing the timing of an unperturbed mitosis. The MAPK activator MEK1 is required for mitotic activation of p42 MAPK in Xenopus egg extracts; however, the identity of the kinase that activates MEK1 is unknown. Here we have partially purified a Cdc2-cyclin B-induced MEK-activating protein kinase from mitotic Xenopus egg extracts and identified it as the Mos protooncoprotein, a MAP kinase kinase kinase present at low levels in mitotic egg extracts, early embryos, and somatic cells. Immunodepletion of Mos from interphase egg extracts was found to abolish Delta90 cyclin B-Cdc2-stimulated p42 MAPK activation. In contrast, immunodepletion of Raf-1 and B-Raf, two other MEK-activating kinases present in Xenopus egg extracts, had little effect on cyclin-stimulated p42 MAPK activation. Immunodepletion of Mos also abolished the transient activation of p42 MAPK in cycling egg extracts. Taken together, these data demonstrate that Mos is responsible for the mitotic activation of the p42 MAPK pathway in Xenopus egg extracts.

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