Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Medicina (B Aires). 2004;64(4):352-6.

[Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli and hemolytic-uremic syndrome in Argentina].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Laboratorio de Inmunoquímica y Biotecnología (CIC), Dpto. de Sanidad Animal y Medicina Preventiva, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional del Centro, Tandil, Argentina. mrivero@vet.unicen.edu.ar

Abstract

The hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) is a multisystemic disorder that is characterized by the onset of acute renal failure, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. It is the most common cause of acute renal failure and the second cause of chronic renal failure and renal transplantation in children in Argentina. Our country has the highest incidence of HUS in the world, with approximately 420 new cases observed each year with an incidence of 12.2 cases per 100,000 children in the age group 0-5 years. Numerous etiologic factors have been associated with HUS but the infection with enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) is considered the most common cause. The majority of outbreaks and sporadic cases in humans have been associated with serotype O157:H7, although other O:H serotypes have been isolated, and they are a subgroup of Verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC). Cattle are the principal reservoir of VTEC. Infections in humans are a consequence of consumption of undercooked meat, raw milk and other contaminated food or water. Direct contact with animals or people infected is another source of infection.

PMID:
15338982
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center