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Am J Hypertens. 1992 May;5(5 Pt 1):276-80.

Angiotensin II stimulation of left ventricular hypertrophy in adult rat heart. Mediation by the AT1 receptor.

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Weis Center for Research, Geisinger Clinic, Danville, PA 17822.


Angiotensin II (AII) has been reported to have direct hypertrophic actions in mammalian and avian myocardium. In this study we determined whether AII had receptor-mediated effects on stimulating cardiac hypertrophy independent of mechanical stimuli (increased cardiac afterload) in adult rats. Angiotensin II was infused into Sprague-Dawley rats for 7 and 14 days. Following this infusion, left ventricular mass indexed to body weight (LV/BW) increased 18.6 and 17.3%, respectively, compared with control (saline infused) rats. Administration of the nonpeptide AII receptor antagonist Dup 753 prevented the increase in left ventricular hypertrophy. Blockade of converting enzyme with enalapril maleate and treatment with a vasodilator had no effect on the AII-induced hypertrophy. In this animal model, the cardiac hypertrophy appeared to be independent of cardiac afterload, because normalization of blood pressure with hydralazine did not prevent the AII-induced hypertrophy. These in vivo studies indicate that AII-induced cardiac hypertrophy is mediated through AT1 angiotensin receptors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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